On 29 May 2018, the Mitvim Institute and the Leonard Davis Institute held a joint conference devoted to the unfulfilled potential of Israel’s relations with Arab countries. The conference took place at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. It focused on mapping existing cooperation between Israel and the Arab world, identifying future potential in these relations and analyzing the link between Israel’s regional connections and the status of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. The conference included a keynote address by Member of Knesset (MK) Isaac Herzog (Opposition leader, Zionist Union), in addition to sessions concerning civil, economic and political cooperation between Israel and Arab countries. The conference is part of a Mitvim Institute project on this same topic, and members of the project’s task team presented their conclusions and insights at the conference. This document sums up the main points of the conference.